Artesanos Naturales, (the natural artists) are a group of mask carvers and fiber artists
of the indigenous tribe Boruca, one of 8 indigenous groups, they live on their own
territory in Southern Costa Rica.
Boruca's history has not been an easy one. Farming alone was not enough to sustain
their tribe and people were experiencing extreme poverty. They were losing their pride
quickly in their decaying culture. With the completion of the Inter-American
highway from San Jose (the capital of Costa Rica) to the border with Panama in the late
60's, tourism began to trickle in with renewed interest in the annual
'Fiesta de los Diablitos' or 'Festival of the Devils'. Also the Peace Corps workers helped as they brought the Borucans some new designs and marketable ideas. This is when their
local economy shifted from agriculture to tourism.
Daily life in Boruca now has changed to a focus on cultural preservation. Today eighty
percent of the Borucans are artisans and nearly all either are carvers or weavers. During the months of less tourism, it is a struggle to provide the things they need and that they cannot grow, such as the necessary school uniforms, books, fees,
Life for these indigenous artists is extremely challenging as they live on a reserve high in the Talamanca Mountains, in the Southern Pacific area.
This is a very remote region, difficult to reach, especially in the rainy season (September to December). In addition, not many of the Borucans have cars. Therefore, it is a hardship for them to get out and sell their goods. Several of the artists got together to figure out how they could reach a larger market. As a result, they formed as a group and called themselves 'Artesanos Naturales de Boruca' naming Marina Lazaro as their leader. Marina gathers the goods of several of the artists and carpools with the school director or a few others and travels around to the various souvenir stores, hotel gift shops and art galleries in order to market their exquisitely crafted products.
Boruca Gallery Gift Shop is located at Pacific Edge Eco Lodge in Dominicalito, just south of Playa Dominical. The gift shop started by Susan Atkinson 20 years ago has grown thru the years. The Gallery has a wide collection of only the best detailed carved masks/wall hangings as well as hand-woven, naturally dyed 100% cotton products such as placemats, table runners, tote bags and yoga mat carriers. Our Gallery is very excited to have sold 368 masks, and 306 woven products at a fair trade price last year (2016), an increase of 35% from 2015. This means that not only do the Borucans get paid a good price directly; the buyer also does not get charged a huge mark-up. The Gallery wants as many sales as possible to keep the money flow going into the Borucan village as 80% of their income comes from their handcrafted products. Our stock is changing constantly; there are always new products available. At any one time, there are 25 - 40 unique masks ranging in price from $10 to $125 along with all the woven goods. Please stop by The Gallery to learn about our indigenous folklore artwork!
***See directions to both the Borucan village and the Gallery Gift Shop under the 'Location' tab.
The Borucan’s, are very proud to have survived the struggles between the native tribes and Spanish conquistadors in the 1500s with their village and sense of identity intact. While many indigenous tribes consider themselves to have been defeated by the Spanish, Boruca demonstrates that a tribe cannot be defeated if its culture is still alive today. Boruca is very much alive and fighting to preserve their identity.
Don Ismael, one of the elders, was the only living person to ever have been declared a 'cultural patron of the country'. In the early 70s, he revived mask carving, as it was a dying art. Don (an esteemed title similar to ‘sir’) Ismael devoted his
life to keeping the cultural heritage of their ancestors alive and also developing a means to generate income for the community.
Boruca is built on faith in the wisdom of elders and the Borucan legends they tell, passed down for centuries. The identity of Boruca reflects a deep respect for the stories told, the nature that surrounds them, and the community they share. Thru their crafts, daily life in Boruca is focused on cultural preservation.
FOR MORE INFORMATION CALL:
SUSAN ATKINSON (ENGLISH)..011-506-22005428 (COSTA RICA)
OR.... MARINA LAZARO (SPANISH)..011-506-87808648 (BORUCA DE COSTA RICA)